Davao Region economy down 7.6% in 2020: PSA 11

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DAVAO CITY- The economy of Davao Region has dropped by 7.6 percent in 2020, as measured by the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) and Gross Regional Domestic Expenditure (GRDE). 

This is based on the 2020 Economic Performance report of the Philippine Statistics Authority 11 (PSA 11).

In a virtual presser, PSA 11 Regional Director Ruben Abaro Jr.,  said that the contraction was valued at 832.1 billion pesos in 2020 from about 900.9 billion pesos in 2019.

“A total reduction of 68.8 billion pesos comparing the two periods,” Abaro said.

He said the top sub-industries with the deepest plummet were Other Services with a contraction of 38.2 percent, Accommodation and Food Service Activities with a decline of 34.7 percent, and Transportation and Storage with a drop of 34.5 percent. 

“Declines were also noted in Mining and Quarrying, Manufacturing, Construction, Real Estate and Ownership of Dwellings, Professional and Business Services, Education, and Human Health and Social Work Activities,” he said.

On the other hand, Abaro said there were five sub-industries that performed positively in 2020. Topping the list were Financial and Insurance Activities with an expansion of 7.9 percent, Public Administration and Defense with an increase of 6.4 percent, and Information and Communication that grew by 3.9 percent.

He said services accounted for 58.9 percent to the region’s economy in 2020. Industry shared 24.2 percent while Agriculture, forestry and fishing (AFF), contributed the least to the total economy of the region with 16.9 percent share.

Also, Manufacturing had the biggest share to the region’s Industry, with 45.5 percent; followed by Construction which accounted for 39.1 percent share;Electricity, Steam, Water, and Waste Management accounted for 12.4 percent share; and Mining and Quarrying contributed the least with only 3.0 percent share.

Abaro said the Industry and Services had the biggest contribution to the 7.6 economic contraction of Davao region, pulling down the growth by a total of 7.8 percentage points while AFF contributed 0.2 percentage point to the region’s total economic performance.

The PSA 11 top executive also explained that with the recorded decline in Davao Region’s GRDP, all major expenditure items posted decline in 2020 except Government Final Consumption Expenditure (GFCE). 

He said government spending or GFCE of the region increased by 11.9 percent. Household spending or Household Final Consumption Expenditure (HFCE) declined by 7.5 percent while investment or Gross Capital Formation posted a downturn by 15.3 percent. Exports of Goods and Services to the Rest of the World (ROW) and Imports of Goods and Services from ROW also dropped by 26.4 percent and 18.7 percent, respectively.

Abaro said in terms of expenditure shares, household expenditure had the biggest contribution with 65.8 percent followed by gross capital formation with 26.2 percent.

As to the contribution to the overall economic growth of Davao Region, he said net exports to rest of the Philippines and Government final consumption expenditure contributed 2.8 percentage points and 1.1 percentage points, respectively.

On the other hand, he said household spending pulled down the economic performance of the region in 2020 by 4.9 percentage points and Gross capital formation by 4.4 percentage points.

“In 2020, the per capita GRDP/GRDE or the value of each Davaoeño contributes to the regional economy stood at P157,270, translating to a decline of 9.0 percent from the 172,912 pesos recorded per capita in 2019,” he said. 

Meanwhile the per capita household final consumption, or the household spending for every person dropped by 8.9 percent from P113,693 in 2019 to P103,541 in 2020.

Abaro said the Philippine economy contracted by 9.6 percent in 2020. Ten out of 17 regions in the country have posted lower contraction rates compared to the decline rate recorded at the national level. 

“Davao Region was one of these 10 regions,” he said. 

He said examining the structure of the Regional Economies, Region 4-A (CALABARZON) was the only region that is predominantly industrial in 2020 while the rest of the regions, including Davao Region, were predominantly services-based economies.